All About Breast Shields: How to Choose and Use Them

Breastfeeding is one of the most natural things a mother can do for her newborn child. However, sometimes breastfeeding can be challenging, especially for first-time mothers. One of the most common challenges is nipple soreness and discomfort, which can be caused by a variety of factors, including improper latching, breast engorgement, and inverted or flat nipples. Fortunately, breast shields can help alleviate these issues and make breastfeeding a more comfortable and enjoyable experience for both the mother and child.

In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about breast shields, including what they are, how to choose the right one, and how to use them effectively.

What are breast shields?

Breast shields, also known as nipple shields, are thin, flexible silicone or plastic cups that are worn over the nipple and areola during breastfeeding. They are designed to help with issues such as sore or cracked nipples, engorgement, and flat or inverted nipples.

They work by creating a barrier between the mother’s skin and the baby’s mouth, which can be incredibly helpful in a variety of situations.

For example, some moms experience pain or discomfort while nursing due to issues like cracked or sore nipples. Breast shields can help to alleviate this discomfort by providing a protective layer between the baby’s mouth and the affected area. They can also help to prevent further damage to the nipples, which can be important for moms who are struggling with breastfeeding in the early days.

How do breast shields work?

Great question! Breast shields work by creating a barrier between the mother’s skin and the baby’s mouth during breastfeeding. They are designed to fit over the nipple and areola, and are typically made of plastic or silicone.

When a mother uses a breast shield, the baby latches onto the shield rather than directly onto the nipple. This can be helpful in situations where the mother is experiencing pain or discomfort during nursing, as the shield provides a protective layer that can reduce friction and pressure on the nipple.

In addition to providing comfort, breast shields can also help to stimulate milk production. When a baby nurses, they create a small amount of suction that helps to stimulate milk flow. Breast shields work in a similar way, creating a gentle suction that can encourage milk production and help the baby to nurse more effectively.

What are the different types of breast shields?

There are several different types of breast shields available on the market today. Each type is designed to meet the unique needs and preferences of breastfeeding mothers. Here are a few of the most common types of breast shields:

  1. Standard breast shields: These are the most common type of breast shield, and they are typically included with most breast pumps. They are made of plastic or silicone and come in different sizes to accommodate different nipple sizes.
  2. Soft breast shields: Soft breast shields are made of a flexible, silicone material that conforms to the shape of the breast. They are designed to be more comfortable than standard breast shields and are often used by mothers who have sensitive or sore nipples.
  3. Contoured breast shields: These breast shields have a more ergonomic shape that is designed to fit the natural curve of the breast. They can be more comfortable than standard breast shields and may be a good option for mothers who have difficulty achieving a good latch with their babies.
  4. Adjustable breast shields: Adjustable breast shields can be customized to fit a range of nipple sizes and shapes. They typically have multiple parts that can be adjusted to ensure a comfortable and effective fit.
  5. Hands-free breast shields: These breast shields are designed to be used with a pumping bra, allowing mothers to pump milk without holding the breast shields in place. They can be helpful for mothers who need to pump frequently or for extended periods of time.

How to choose the right breast shield size?

Choosing the right breast shield size is important for ensuring a comfortable and effective breastfeeding experience. Here are some tips to help you choose the right breast shield size:

  1. Measure your nipple size: Using a ruler or measuring tape, measure the diameter of your nipple at the base (where it meets the areola). This will give you an idea of the size of breast shield you will need.
  2. Consult the sizing chart: Most breast shield manufacturers provide a sizing chart that can help you determine which size is best for you based on your nipple measurement. Look for the chart that corresponds to the brand and model of breast shield you plan to use.
  3. Consider comfort: While it’s important to choose a breast shield that fits properly, comfort should also be a consideration. If the breast shield feels uncomfortable or causes pain or irritation, you may need to try a different size.
  4. Watch for signs of poor fit: If you experience pain or discomfort during breastfeeding, or if your baby is not able to latch properly, it may be a sign that your breast shield is the wrong size. Look for redness or abrasions on your nipples, or listen for clicking sounds as your baby nurses, which can indicate a poor latch.
Ameda Contact Nipple Shields

Ameda Contact Nipple Shields

We have thoroughly researched and tested the Ameda Contact Nipple Shields, and we are pleased to report that they are an excellent product for breastfeeding mothers. The shields are made of soft silicone material and are designed to fit comfortably on the nipple, providing a protective barrier between the nipple and the baby’s mouth. The unique design of the shields allows for maximum skin-to-skin contact between the mother and baby, promoting bonding and milk production. The shields are easy to use and clean, and they come in different sizes to ensure a perfect fit for each individual. We appreciate the attention to detail that Ameda has put into designing these nipple shields, and we highly recommend them to any breastfeeding mother who may be experiencing discomfort or pain while nursing. Overall, the Ameda Contact Nipple Shields are a top-notch product that we would gladly recommend to others.

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How to use breast shields effectively?

Using breast shields effectively can help to make breastfeeding more comfortable and efficient. Here are some tips for using breast shields:

  1. Wash your hands: Before using breast shields, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly to reduce the risk of infection.
  2. Choose the right size: As I mentioned earlier, choosing the right breast shield size is important for ensuring a comfortable and effective breastfeeding experience.
  3. Center the shield over your nipple: Place the breast shield over your nipple and center it as best you can. Be sure to align the shield with the angle of your breast to prevent any leaks.
  4. Create a seal: Press the breast shield against your breast to create a seal. You may need to use your fingers to adjust the position of the shield to ensure a proper fit.
  5. Begin nursing: Once the breast shield is in place, begin nursing as you normally would. Be sure to monitor your baby’s latch to ensure that they are able to nurse effectively.
  6. Remove the shield: Once you are finished nursing, remove the breast shield and clean it thoroughly before using it again.
  7. Take care of your nipples: While breast shields can be helpful in reducing friction and pressure on the nipple, it’s still important to take care of your nipples to prevent soreness or irritation. You can use lanolin cream or other nipple ointments to help soothe any discomfort.

using breast shields effectively takes practice and patience. With the right size and fit, breast shields can be a helpful tool for breastfeeding mothers. If you are experiencing difficulty or discomfort while using breast shields, be sure to seek help from a lactation consultant or other healthcare provider.

Tips for cleaning and caring for breast shields

Proper cleaning and care of breast shields are essential for maintaining their effectiveness and ensuring a hygienic breastfeeding experience. Here are some tips for cleaning and caring for breast shields:

  1. Wash your hands: Before handling breast shields, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly to reduce the risk of infection.
  2. Clean after each use: After each use, rinse the breast shields in warm, soapy water, and then rinse thoroughly with clear water. Be sure to clean all parts of the breast shields, including any valves or connectors.
  3. Sterilize periodically: It’s a good idea to sterilize your breast shields periodically to kill any bacteria that may be present. Most breast shield manufacturers provide instructions for sterilizing their products, which typically involve boiling the breast shields in water for a certain amount of time.
  4. Air dry: Allow breast shields to air dry completely before using them again. Be sure to store them in a clean, dry place.
  5. Replace when necessary: Breast shields can wear out over time, and their effectiveness may decrease. If you notice any cracks or signs of wear on your breast shields, it may be time to replace them.
  6. Avoid harsh chemicals: Avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners on breast shields, as these can damage the material and reduce their effectiveness.
  7. Store properly: When not in use, store breast shields in a clean, dry place. Avoid storing them in direct sunlight or in a humid environment.

If you have any questions or concerns about the care and maintenance of your breast shields, be sure to consult with a lactation consultant or other healthcare provider.


Q: Can breast shields be reused?

A: Yes, breast shields can be reused, but they should be washed after each use.

Q: How often should I replace my breast shield?

A: It’s recommended to replace your breast shield every six months to a year or when you notice signs of wear and tear, such as cracks or discoloration.

Q: Can using a breast shield increase milk supply?

A: Yes, using a proper breast shield can stimulate milk production, leading to an increase in milk supply.

Q: Can breast shields be painful to use?

A: If the breast shield is not the right fit or is being used incorrectly, it can be painful. It’s important to find the right size and use the shield correctly to prevent discomfort.

Q: Can breast shields be used if I have flat or inverted nipples?

A: Yes, breast shields can be used for flat or inverted nipples, but it’s important to find a shield with the right fit and shape to ensure effective milk expression.

In conclusion, breast shields can be an essential tool for breastfeeding mothers, but it’s crucial to choose the right size and use them correctly. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can ensure that you’re getting the most out of your breast shield and maintaining a healthy milk supply for your baby.



About Isabella Marie

I'm Isabella Marie, a baby nutritionist expert and health physician. As a mother myself, I understand the importance of raising healthy babies. That's why I share my knowledge and experience through my blog on mom and baby health. My blog covers everything from breastfeeding tips to healthy meal ideas and common baby health issues. What sets me apart is my personalized approach to baby health and nutrition. I take the time to understand each family's unique needs and provide tailored advice and support. With me by their side, parents can feel confident and empowered in raising their little ones.

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